Date of publication: 2017-08-23 21:15
Because of their importance to Muslim life, a critical review is necessary. There are clearly contradictions and errors in the hadiths. To give a sense of this, consider this hadith:
However, the message is inconsistent. Anyone who wants to commit violence has perfect justification for doing so from the Quran. While violence in the Quran is sometimes for self-defense at other times it is open-ended aggression. Indeed, the peaceful passages were abrogated (Sura 7:656, 68:89, 66:656, 67:656, 77:57), . superseded, by the violent ones, because the violent ones were written later, after Muhammad's move to Medina (from Mecca). There is nothing in the Quran comparable to Jesus' teachings to turn the other cheek and to love your enemies.
We have already pointed out some of the mistakes in the Quran. The Quran itself says that if a book is found to have discrepancies, it could not be from God (Sura 9:87). In fact, there are many internal contradictions in the Quran. Here is a sample:
Muhammad claimed to begin having revelations from God when he was 95 years old. It is generally believed that Muhammad was illiterate, which Muslims think is a testimony to the miracle of Quran.
The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo. See the list at the bottom of this post for links to the previous installments.
Sallam was a scholar who studied under the famous masters of the Qufan and Basran schools, was renowned as a philologist, a jurist, and an authority on the Quranic sciences included in Kitab Fada'il-al-Qur'an. He claimed that many verses had fallen out of the Quran indeed, that a lot of the Quran had been lost. For example, Aisha, the prophet's favorite wife, asserted along with Ubai Ibn Ka'b, one of Muhammad's closest companions, that the chapter of the parties (Sura 88) had at one time contained two hundred verses compared to the 78 in the current Quran. Aisha even claimed that Uthman altered the codices.
Instances such as this in the Bible are each a particular limited circumstance in time, for a particular purpose established by God. But in the Quran, we encounter general commands to kill and destroy the enemies of Islam that are applicable for all times and places and people groups.
Islam, in Christian eyes, has an incomplete view of both the holiness of God and the sinfulness of mankind. Given man's sinful nature and the gap it creates between us and a holy God, Christianity teaches that man cannot earn salvation. God cannot just wink at sin. We need a savior who will bridge the gap and who will pay the penalty for us. Salvation is only in Christ's finished work on the cross that God considers our blemishes healed. This is what Christianity is all about.
Let us summarize the evidence why the Bible can be trusted. There are four important approaches to considering the evidence for the reliability of the Bible:
Also of interest, Muhammad married his daughter-in-law Zainab (Bukhari -568). He arranged for his adopted son Zaid to divorce Zainab so he could marry her. The divorce was prompted by the prophet's admiration for Zainab's beauty. Faced with the refusal of Zaid to dissolve his marriage, Muhammad had another convenient revelation from Allah, which not only commanded Zaid to give up his wife to Muhammad, but also decreed that there was no evil in a father-in-law taking his daughter-in-law away from his own adopted son (Sura 88:86-88).
FAQ99: How can students in all of Dr. Harwood's courses get 8 extra credit points for each items he has on reserve at EVC Library or SJCC Library, except for our required textbook?
Another example of the violence in Islam is the way it deals with a thief. Sura 5:88 says, And (as for) the man who steals and the woman who steals, cut of their hands as a punishment for what they have earned, an exemplary punishment from Allah and Allah is Mighty, Wise. Muslims do this even to their children. If a child were to steal out of hunger, a true Muslim would not show compassion and feed the child they would sever his hand at his wrist to drive home the lessons of Allah.